Prague, the capital city of the Czech Republic, lies in the heart of Europe and ranks amongst the most impressive historical cities in the world. The city has always played an important part in the history of the nation, country and Europe. Since medieval times, Prague has been distinguished as one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Prague is not only a centre of cultural movements dating back for centuries (Art from every period in history can be found here), it also exhibits a unique collection of historical monuments, mainly seen in the Prague Castle.
Since 1992, the historical core of the city (866 hectares) has been listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage Register as a town with a unique and lively blend of Roman, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau and Cubist architecture. Prague was one of nine European cities awarded the title European City of Culture in 2000. Prague has around 1.2 million inhabitants. Since May 1st , 2004 the Czech Republic has been a member of the European Union. Prague remains the greatest tourist magnet.
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The most recent information on Pragues' transportation system can be found on the official website: www.dpp.cz
The Prague Metro network consists of 3 lines designated by letters and differentiated in colour: A - green colour (Skalka station - Dejvicka station), B - yellow colour (Cerny most station - Zlicin station), C - red colour (Ladvi - Haje station), with transfers possible at Museum station (lines A and C), Mustek station (lines A and B), Florenc station (lines B and C). Metro operates daily from 5 a.m. to 12 p.m.
Daytime operation is from 4:30 a.m. to 24:00 a.m. Nighttime operation is from 00:30 a.m. to 4:30 a.m. and is provided by tram numbers 51 to 58 with traffic intervals 30 minutes. The central transfer-station for nighttime lines is Lazarska stop. Tram schedules are located at individual stops.
The daytime and nighttime operation of buses is similar to tram operation. Nighttime service is provided by bus numbers 501 to 514. Bus schedules are located at individual stops.
When taking a taxi, make sure the taxi is equipped with a permanently installed yellow roof lamp with the TAXI sign in black letters. The registration number, company name and price list including the base rate, rate per kilometre and one-minute-waiting rate must be displayed on both front doors of the cab. These prices must correspond with the prices set on the meter in the cab. Customers are recommended to order a taxi with non-stop dispatching offices where the information on fares is available in advance.
Travelling by city transport is possible with a valid ticket only. Passengers have to obtain their tickets before boarding the vehicle or entering the Metro system. The ticket is valid only if marked in the validation appliance.
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The validity of tickets can be checked by the ticket inspectors of Dopravni podnik at any time during travel or stay in the Metro system. The ticket inspector is entitled to ask the passenger to produce his or her valid ticket, to confiscate invalid tickets, and to collect a penalty (1000 CZK, if paid at once 500 CZK) in case of travel without a valid ticket. In case of unpaid freight the inspector collects a penalty 50 CZK. To prove their identity, inspectors produce yellow-and-red badges. They issue receipts for the penalty amounts.